The pyramids at Giza.
There are three large pyramids at the site now known as Giza,
after the name of a Cairo suburb to the east. The largest of
the pyramids, 146 m high, was built by King Khufu (also known
by the Greek version of his name, Kheops) who reigned between
2549 and 2526 BC. The second largest pyramid at Giza (143.5 m
high) belonged to his son Rakhaef (the name is sometimes read
Khafre, the Greek version of it is Khephren) (2518-2493 BC),
and the third pyramid (65.5 m high) to King Menkaure
(Mencheres or Mycerinus) (2488-2460 BC). The pyramids were
royal tombs. Various unscientific theories which try to
explain their purpose differently are unfounded.
The photograph shows the three Giza pyramids from the south,
photographed by Zangaki about 1890. Griffith Institute photo. 292B.
Institute, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
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