The reason why the country is called Egypt in English (and l'Égypte in French and Ägypten in German) is quite complicated. The name of one of the largest ancient Egyptian temples, of the god Ptah, at Mennufer (Memphis, south-west of modern Cairo), was Hikuptah (this meant "The Soul of the God Ptah"). The name of the temple began to be used for the city itself and because Memphis was so important even for the whole of the country. It became "Aiguptos" in Greek and this then led to "Egypt" in English.
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