The city of Mennufer.

The city of Mennufer, some 15 miles = 24 kilometres south of modern Cairo, was founded at the very beginning of Egyptian history, around 3000 BC and functioned as the administrative capital of Egypt for a very long period.

The name Mennufer derives from the name of one of the pyramids nearby, and means "Lasting and Beautiful". The Greek form of the name, Memphis, is better known.

The main god worshipped at Mennufer was Ptah.

When king Tutankhamun decided to abandon the city of Akhetaten, he moved his residence to Mennufer.

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