In Mennufer, Ptah was described as "south of his wall" because his earliest temple was situated to the south of the original fortified settlement (= "wall"). The city of Mennufer was somewhere in the area of the modern village of Mit Rahina, on the west bank of the Nile, not far from Cairo, but Ptah's temple has not yet been excavated.
Ptah was the god of craftsmen. He was usually represented as a man wearing a close-fitting cap on his head. The deities closely associated with Ptah were the lion-headed goddess Sakhmet, the god Nefertum, and Apis (almost always shown as a bull with special markings).
A statuette of the god Ptah, from the tomb of Tutankhamun. H. Burton photograph 1935. © Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
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